While similar at first glance, the English and American Cocker Spaniels have differences in both appearance and function. A separate English Cocker Spaniel Club was formed in the 1930s, shortly before the American and English designations were recognized by the AKC. The English Cocker has been bred continually as a sporting dog, while the American Cocker has become more of a family companion. Appearance-wise, the English Cocker Spaniel is larger than the American, and the American has a more rounded head and shorter muzzle than the English. They both have luxurious coats, but the English Cocker's coat is shorter than the American's.